Other modifications may involve changing the way that material is presented or the way that students respond to show their learning.
Adaptations, accommodations, and modifications need to be individualized for students, based upon their needs and their personal learning styles and interests.
For example, recent national test results indicate that well over half of elementary and middle-school students have not yet attained proficiency in mathematics (NAEP, 20011a) or reading (NAEP 2011b).
These accommodations need to be updated to include technology that the student can use to help them read the materials both in instruction time and on test.
The i Pad or i Pod has apps that can read printed materials to the student.
I was an inclusion teacher for 3 years and I learned a lot about special education before I actually went back to grad school to become a special ed teacher myself.
Years later, I now have the perspective of both a general education teacher (and what is reasonable in a class of 25 kids) and a special education teacher who wants what's best for her kids.